Tag Archives: Sep

Fall Lawn Care

Falls is the best time of the year to overseed your existing lawn or establish a new lawn.

Overseeding A Weak Lawn

Spray broadleaf weeds with a selective herbicide and wait 2 weeks.

Take a soil sample of your lawn to determine the pH.

Mow shorter than normal and rake clean.

Core aerate if you have compacted soil or heavy thatch.

Apply starter fertilizer and lime or gypsum as determined by the pH test.

Use Ringer Lawn Restore if thatch is thicker than half an inch.

Overseed with the proper seed.  If core aerating, lightly topdress with topsoil or humus.

Water daily until grass has germinated, then soak once a week.

Fertilize in late fall with Greenview Wintergreen.

Seeding A New Lawn

Kill existing vegetation with Roundup.

Take a soil sample of your lawn to determine the pH.

Prepare soil by breaking up the surface with a rake or spade using a crisscross pattern.

Broadcast Starter Fertilizer, lime and gypsum as determined by the pH test.

Spread topsoil or humus to a ½ inch depth.

Rototill to a depth of 4 inches and grade smooth.

Sow proper seed and mulch lightly with Salt Hay or Penn Mulch to control erosion and conserve moisture.

Water daily until grass has germinated, then soak once a week.

Fertilize in late fall with Greenview Wintergreen.

Which Seed?

Let our staff help you select the seed that best suits your needs.  Apply at the recommended rate and incorporate into the top ¼” of soil.  Do not bury the seed.

Audition Some Autumn Bloomers

Mums, Mums, Mums – Mums are perfect for brightening any corner of the yard … you can’t beat this traditional fall favorite!

Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ – This late-blooming perennial has bold foliage and pink, changing to copper-colored flower heads.

Japanese Anemone – Tall growing Japanese anemones are a stately addition to the perennial garden. Bloom colors range from pure white to various shades of pink. Flowers can be single, semi-double or double. Anemones grow well in light to moderate shade and spread quickly to form large clumps.

Goldenrod (Solidago) – This perennial has sunny yellow flowers.  Wrongly blamed as the cause of fall allergy problems (now attributed to Ragweed), Goldenrod has rightly taken its place in the fall garden. It looks particularly effective combined with blue flowering Plumbago, purple Asters and ornamental grasses.

Asters – Another group of fall bloomers that butterflies love are the Asters. Asters like plenty of sun and moist but well drained soil. There are many colorful Aster varieties in shades of pink, purple, blue and white. Some favorites include tall-growing Aster ‘Alma Potschke’ with bright pink flowers, blue-flowered Aster ‘Professor Kippenburg’ and low-growing Aster ‘Purple Dome’ with its deep purple blooms.

Pansies – Pansies give us many months of color when other flowers have faded. Beds, borders, containers, and hanging baskets – dress them all for fall with cheerful Pansy faces. What’s more, Pansies can often be successfully overwintered to rebloom again in the Spring!

Ornamental Cabbage & Kale – Red, purple, pink or white leaf coloration of these plants intensifies as the weather gets colder. Try smooth-leaved cabbage or frilly kale for months of color in beds, borders and containers.

Bringing Your Tropicals Indoors For The Winter

Bring Birds to your Backyard

It’s amazing how many birds you can attract to your garden if you invite them with the right plants and shelter.  When you have birds, you not only have the enjoyment of watching and hearing them but you also have less insect pests in the garden!

Bring Birds with Berries

Be sure to bring birds to the backyard by planting as many of these berry-producing shrubs as possible:

Barberry (Berberis)
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos)
Beautiberry (Callicarpa)
Chokeberry (Aronica)
Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster)
Firethorn (Pyracantha)
Holly (Ilex)
Oregon Grape Holly (Mahonia)
Privet (Ligustrum)
Rose (Rosa)
Crabapple (Malus)
Viburnum (Viburnum)

 

 

Seduce Them with Seeds

Birds love seeds, seduce them by filling your garden with their favorites:

Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia)
Columbine (Aquilegia)
Foxglove (Digitalis)
Globe Thistle (Echinops)
Goldenrod (Solidago)
Pincushion Flower (Scabiosa)
Tickseed (Coreopsis)

Finding a Spot for Your Feeders

To attract as many different types of birds as possible, use different feeders and scatter them throughout your garden.  Be sure to place them in a protected area away from strong winds.  Most birds will prefer a sunny location.  Birds have many predators…including your cat. Place your feeder within 5 to 10 feet of protective cover so birds can seek shelter if needed. Don’t forget to add a birdbath for drinking and bathing.

The Fall Vegetable Garden

Fall is a great time to plant an autumn garden to extend the growing season. Many vegetables, such as broccoli or cauliflower are of a higher quality when grown in the fall, while others, like kale, develop better flavor after a frost.  Spinach, chard, kale, collards, mustard, and rape all grow rapidly and flourish at the end of the season. Loose-leaf lettuces do well, too. It works best to plant greens in blocks or wide rows, because they’re easier to harvest and you have fewer weeds.

To prepare your bed, immediately pull out whatever plants have finished producing.  Spade or till the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, rake the area lightly and work in a light application of composted manure, GardenTone or 5-10-5 fertilizer.

Broadcast a mixture of seeds like mustard, kale, and rape.  Or, combine seeds of several types of lettuce like curly leaf, red leaf, and oak leaf to allow you to harvest your salad already mixed. If you plant blocks each time a new space opens up, you’ll have staggered plantings that can produce over a long time. Some varieties will tolerate cold better than others. Read seed packets before you purchase them to determine what will be best, but don’t be put off by such notations as chard’s taking 60 days to maturity.  The greens are good when they’re younger, too.

Water in the seeds after sowing and keep the ground evenly moist until the seedlings are up and growing. Seedlings may also need to be sheltered from extreme heat. Protect them by shading them from the sun with Reemay until they are established.

Although insects tend to be less bothersome in late fall, some vegetables in the cabbage family, mustard, kale, and collards may attract cabbageworms. A spraying of Bt will take care of them. As the plants begin to fill out, thin them enough to allow air to circulate and dry off moisture. This helps prevent insect problems, too.

Harvest your fall vegetables as soon as the plants reach edible size.  And, prolong the fall vegetable season several weeks by covering plants with Reemay fabric. Even after the first frosts, you’ll be able to keep harvesting to enjoy the yield of your extended-season garden.